hEDS Deficit in Pain Control Mechanisms

hEDS-related Pain May Be Linked to Deficit in Pain Control Mechanisms – by Marta Figueiredo – June 2020

Pain in people with hypermobile Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (hEDS) likely is the result of an impaired pain suppression system that may lead to widespread pain, a study shows.

Well, that would certainly explain a lot!

contradict a previous theory that EDS-related pain was caused by damage in nerve fibers.

The study, “Pain due to Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Is Associated with Deficit of the Endogenous Pain Inhibitory Control,” was published in the journalPain Medicine.

the underlying mechanisms of hEDS-related pain remain controversial, and clarifying this may help to identify and develop more appropriate approaches to manage pain in these patients.

researchers at the Sapienza University, in Rome, Italy, investigated which of the two theories better reflect the nature of the pain felt by hEDS patients.

They evaluated the function of small fibers and the pain suppression system in 22 people — 21 women and one man — with hEDS-related pain, and in 22 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals.

Patients had a mean age of 43 years and had been diagnosed with hEDS for a mean of 5.5 years.

Small-fiber function was measured through quantitative sensory testing, which uses standardized mechanical and thermal (cold and heat) stimuli to evaluate a person’s detection and pain thresholds, as well as the wind-up effect — when repetitive stimulus increases the pain intensity. A higher wind-up effect is a sign of central sensitization

Bingo! This is what I have always experienced: “repetitive stimulus increases the pain intensity”.

Also, my muscles start becoming confused after too many repetitions of on/off (like while bicycling) and get stuck half on/half off. I have to stop for a while to let my nerves “reset” and then I can start again, but for shorter and shorter intervals before my muscles get “stuck” again.

It seems to me that our musculature can also develop such a “wind-up” effect and it works the same way: too many repetitions of the same stimulation cause a lingering effect which then becomes additive as further repetitions pile on.

It seems our “EDS nerves” can’t recover enough between repetitive stimulations so they don’t fully return to an unstimulated phase between stimulations. Eventually everything “locks up” in the stimulated state.

The function of the pain suppression system was assessed using the conditioned pain modulation test, which relies on the concept that one stimulus can naturally override another, creating the so-called “pain-inhibits-pain” effect.

Results showed that while some patients complained of pain mainly involving the joints, most reported widespread pain, described as a combination of burning, dull, and aching sensations.

In addition, hEDS patients showed no signs of small-fiber damage or pain associated with nerve cell dysfunction (neuropathic pain).

In contrast, they had a significantly higher wind-up effect than healthy individuals, suggesting the presence of central sensitization.

I hadn’t heard about “pain wind-up” for years until I looked for it. (See yesterday’s post: Neuropathic Pain & Wind-Up Phenomenon) This phenomenon doesn’t just disappear when you start calling pain a “biopsychosocial” disorder.

This used to be a serious scientific issue but seems to have been discarded in favor of the assumption that pain is aggravated by psychological factors. Instead of treating the pain, doctors send patients for counseling.

They hypothesized that in the initial phases of the disease, pain may be mainly caused by joint hypermobility complications, and that such persistent pain may subsequently promote central sensitization and changes in the pain suppression/inhibitory system.

If chronic pain were treated early and effectively, we wouldn’t be suffering from the additional pain of central sensitization.

Thanks to a flood of PROPaganda from the anti-opioid pain-denying zealots, any invisible chronic pain is now regarded by too many doctors as a psychological issue, not a physical one.

medications restoring the pain suppression system, such as antidepressants, “might be effective for reducing pain in this condition,” the researchers wrote, adding that more clinical studies are needed to confirm this hypothesis.

Marta Figueiredo
Marta Figueiredo holds a BSc in Biology and a MSc in Evolutionary and Developmental Biology from the University of Lisbon, Portugal. She is currently finishing her PhD in Biomedical Sciences at the University of Lisbon, where she focused her research on the role of several signalling pathways in thymus and parathyroid glands embryonic development.

6 thoughts on “hEDS Deficit in Pain Control Mechanisms

  1. canarensis

    I hadn’t heard of a pain suppression system…can I buy one?

    A small part of me can’t help hoping that at some point, sanity will prevail (especially if enough concrete evidence like this piles up even more that pain isn’t all psychosomatic) & the sadistic moron zealots in charge will either wise up or just go the heck away. But it’s a very small part at this point, I fear.

    Liked by 1 person

    Reply
    1. Zyp Czyk Post author

      I think it used to be called “ascending pain gates” that let only a certain amount of signal through – that’s what we gotta get closed, though I fear it’s jammed open.

      There seems to be some rising resistance to opioid prohibiting – I’ll be blogging about that as soon as I can calm the burning muscles in my upper back enough to sit upright. Pain pill is still not working after 1.5 hours. Time for ice again, which I don’t think “reduces inflammation” but just makes it numb from cold.

      As soon as the area warms up again, the pain picks up where it left off. I can’t be the only one who’s noticed that icing a “chronic pain” spot only gives temporary numbing.

      Liked by 1 person

      Reply
      1. canarensis

        On the numbing-only effect of ice, I can verify & can probably get a whole slew of confirming voices even given my limited circle. When my lower back/SI joints first went nuts in the early 90s, I gave myself a good case of surface frostbite trying to “reduce the inflammation” & the pain. Nada but for numb.

        i can’t get an image out of my head of us on horseback on a trail ride, going thru a gate & trying in vain to get the blasted thing shut again. More pleasant than pain gates!

        Liked by 1 person

        Reply

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