Tag Archives: anatomy

The Liver: A Blob That Runs the Body

The Liver: A ‘Blob’ That Runs the Body – The New York Times – By NATALIE ANGIER JUNE 12, 2017

I’m posting this just because I found it fascinating – hope you do too.

To the Mesopotamians, the liver was the body’s premier organ, the seat of the human soul and emotions. The Elizabethans referred to their monarch not as the head of state but as its liver,

Yet even the most ardent liverati of history may have underestimated the scope and complexity of the organ

In one recent study, researchers were astonished to discover that the liver grows and shrinks by up to 40 percent every 24 hours, while the organs around it barely budge.  Continue reading

How Slow Breathing Induces Tranquility

How Slow Breathing Induces Tranquility – Neuroscience News – Mar 2017

Stanford scientists have identified a small group of neurons that communicates goings-on in the brain’s respiratory control center to the structure responsible for generating arousal throughout the brain.

Try it. Breathe slowly and smoothly. A pervasive sense of calm descends. Now breathe rapidly and frenetically. Tension mounts. Why?

It’s a question that has never been answered by science, until now.

In a new study, researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and their colleagues have identified a handful of nerve cells in the brainstem that connect breathing to states of mind.   Continue reading

Breathing Pattern Disorders lead to Movement Disorders


Normal breathing mechanics play a key role in posture and spinal stabilization.

Breathing Pattern Disorders (BPD) have been shown to contribute to pain and motor control deficits, which can result in dysfunctional movement patterns.

How we breathe is linked to our posture which is linked to pain, so there’s hope that by changing our breathing patterns, we might lessen our pain.   Continue reading

List of Chiari Malformation Symptoms (EDS)

Rebecca’s Brain: Chiari Symptoms – 2014

Though this list is a few years old, symptoms of illness/malformations are only added to, so I’m sure it’s still valid

Although when you meet with doctors the first thing you might get asked is whether or not you are having headaches, there are actually a lot more symptoms than that.

Headaches are definitely one of the most prominent for some people but others, like me, might not find them to be the most worrisome. Some don’t have them at all.

This is a list of known Chiari symptoms (95% of Chiarians have at least 5 of these.)   Continue reading

Influence of respiration on the body

Anatomic connections of the diaphragm: influence of respiration on the body system – J Multidiscip Healthc. 2013 – free full-text PMC article

The article explains the scientific reasons for the diaphragm muscle being an important crossroads for information involving the entire body. The diaphragm muscle extends from the trigeminal system to the pelvic floor, passing from the thoracic diaphragm to the floor of the mouth.

To assess and treat this muscle effectively, it is necessary to be aware of its anatomic, fascial, and neurologic complexity in the control of breathing.

The patient is never a symptom localized, but a system that adapts to a corporeal dysfunction.   Continue reading

Failed back surgery linked to dysfunctional diaphragm

Failed back surgery syndrome: review and new hypotheses – J Pain Res. Jan 2016 – free full-text PMC article

This article posits that failed back surgery may be linked to a dysfunctional diaphragm because “diaphragm dysfunction would lead to alterations in the biomechanics of the lumbar spine”.

Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is a term used to define an unsatisfactory outcome of a patient who underwent spinal surgery, irrespective of type or intervention area, with persistent pain in the lumbosacral region with or without it radiating to the leg.

This article reviews the current literature on FBSS and tries to give a new hypothesis to understand the reasons for this clinical problem.
Continue reading

The Relationship Between Blood Pressure and Pain

The Relationship Between Blood Pressure and Pain – Saccò – 2013 – The Journal of Clinical Hypertension – Wiley Online Library – August 2013

The relationship between pain and hypertension is potentially of great pathophysiological and clinical interest, but is poorly understood.

The perception of acute pain initially plays an adaptive role, which results in the prevention of tissue damage. The consequence of ascending nociception is the recruitment of segmental spinal reflexes through the physiological neuronal connections.

In proportion to the magnitude and duration of the stimulus, these spinal reflexes cause the activation of the sympathetic nervous system, which increases peripheral resistances, heart rate, and stroke volume.   Continue reading

The Benefits of Controlled Breathing

Breathe. Exhale. Repeat: The Benefits of Controlled Breathing – The New York Times

Take a deep breath, expanding your belly. Pause. Exhale slowly to the count of five. Repeat four times.

Congratulations. You’ve just calmed your nervous system.

Controlled breathing, like what you just practiced, has been shown to reduce stress, increase alertness and boost your immune system. For centuries yogis have used breath control, or pranayama, to promote concentration and improve vitality

Science is just beginning to provide evidence that the benefits of this ancient practice are real.   Continue reading

Mammograms may not need to be so painful

Mammograms may not need that painful ‘squish’. Should I be relieved or appalled? | Mona Gable | Opinion | The Guardian

Many women don’t know all this, since public health and breast cancer awareness campaigns emphasize early detection over all the subtleties.

So women continue to support a mammography economy that promises them a false sense of security.

Relatedly, many studies, including a 2012 study in the New England Journal of Medicine, show that women who had mammography screening were just as likely to die as women who didn’t have mammograms Continue reading

Watching Television Could Be Deadly

Watching Television Could Cause Deadly Pulmonary Embolism; Risk Of Death Increases With Hours In Front Of TV Screen – Jul 2016 – By Samantha Olson

Americans spend most of their free time watching television, with a total of 2.8 hours on average each day, and according to a new study published in the journal Circulation, it could wind up killing us.

The research, conducted by a Japanese team from Osaka University, found television may be luring people onto the couch and encouraging a sedentary lifestyle that causes deadly blood clots.

“Nowadays, with online video streaming, the term ‘binge-watching’ to describe viewing multiple episodes of television programs in one sitting has become popular,”   Continue reading