Brain structure and joint hypermobility: relevance to the expression of psychiatric symptoms – Br J Psychiatry. 2012 Jun – free full text /PMC3365276/
This is not a new article, but a thorough scientific survey of the brain differences seen in people with hypermobility (which is usually undiagnosed EDS). This was the beginning of my understanding that EDS is not just a physical issue, but also affects our minds.
To me, it makes sense that the same instability (lack of balance, tendency to extremes) found in our bodies would also be represented in our brains/minds.
Joint hypermobility is overrepresented among people with anxiety and can be associated with abnormal autonomic reactivity. Continue reading
Below are three PubMed studies from 2015 about the detrimental effects of EDS on the mind/brain:
Joint hypermobility and the heritable disorders of connective tissue: clinical and empirical evidence of links with psychiatry. – PubMed – NCBI – Gen Hosp Psychiatry. 2015 Jan-Feb
OBJECTIVE: The heritable disorders of connective tissue (HDCTs) are a group of genetic disorders affecting connective tissue matrix proteins. Continue reading
Below are 4 articles from PubMed that show EDS is associated with anxiety, depression, and other disorders of the central nervous system, like fibromyalgia and irritable bowel syndrome.
Connective tissue is *everywhere* in our bodies (yes, including our bones), so the defects in our body tissues extend to the brain as well.
I’ve been plagued by periods of desperate anxiety for the last decade and periods of suicidal depression for all my adult life, so I’m not surprised that the instability and slackness of our bodies are also manifested in our psychology. My moods never feel stable and can easily be derailed.
The number of possible EDS symptoms seems infinite… Continue reading
Pain as a risk factor for common mental disorders. Results from the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study-2: a longitudinal, population-based study – PAIN: April 2018
I’ve read too many articles that insinuate chronic pain arises from pre-existing mental issues and claim the focus should be on the mental disorder more than the pain. (This is part of the popular idea of “catastrophizing“)
But this article makes it clear that pain leads to “psychological” disorders, not the other way around as many would like us to believe. It is known that the unremitting assault by pain is a form of chronic stress that damages brain structure and connectivity. Continue reading
This Month’s Expert: Andrew Goddard , M.D., on The Role of GABA in Anxiety | Psych Central Professional – An interview with Andrew Goddard , M.D.
TCR: Dr. Goddard, you’ve done a lot of neurobiological research in anxiety disorders. It’s a very complex area, but basically what goes on in patients’ brains when they have a panic attack?
Dr. Goddard: It is complex, and initially researchers focused on the actions of monoamines in both depression and anxiety. The “monoamine theory” of depression holds that depression is caused by a depletion of norepinephrine and serotonin.
TCR: Is anxiety thought to result from the same thing? Continue reading
Whether we feel happy, engaged and full of energy is derived from the belief that we are in harmony with the world around us.
We maintain this sense of harmony by viewing ourselves, others and the events around us in a relatively benign light: things are fine, we’re safe.
When we perceive the slings and arrows of life as non-events – when we can say: ‘It is what it is’ – we can face difficult circumstances and effectively disarm potential emotional landmines. Continue reading
Online Therapy Shows Promise But Raises Plenty Of Ethical Questions – May 2017 – by Jessica Goodheart
For pain patients who have trouble transporting themselves to the weekly appointments required for therapy, this could be a solution. However, I have doubts about how effective it could be for the supposed “catastrophizing” for which we are urged to seek therapy.
These were some of the “success stories” posted this month on the website of Sunnyvale-based BetterHelp, one of a handful of online therapy companies that substitutes the often hard-to-access office visit to a therapist’s office with a suite of online offerings.
Many who need mental health care can’t afford it, while many regions suffer a severe shortage of mental health professionals, and even in counties rich with therapists, many lack the time to make the visit. Continue reading
False economy? Half of “low intensity” CBT clients relapse within 12 months – By Christian Jarrett
Heralded as a revolution in mental health care – a cost-effective way to deliver evidence-based psychological help to large numbers – low-intensity Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is recommended by NICE, the independent health advisory body in England and Wales, for mild to moderate depression and anxiety.
Prior studies into its effectiveness have been promising. However, little research has looked at whether the benefits last.
A new study in Behaviour Research and Therapy has done that, following a cohort of people with depression and anxiety over time. Continue reading
The breathing conundrum – interoceptive sensitivity and anxiety 2013 Oct – free full-text PMC article
This review focuses on the relationship between breathing and anxiety.
Several anxiety disorders have been associated with
- altered breathing,
- perception of breathing and
- response to manipulations of breathing.
Both clinical and experimental research studies are reviewed that relate breathing dysfunctions to anxiety. Continue reading
Emotion processing in joint hypermobility: A potential link to the neural bases of anxiety and related somatic symptoms in collagen anomalies. – PubMed – NCBI – Eur Psychiatry. 2015 Feb
Joint hypermobility syndrome (JHS) has repeatedly been associated with anxiety and anxiety disorders, fibromyalgia, irritable bowel syndrome and temporomandibular joint disorder.
However, the neural underpinnings of these associations still remain unclear.
This study explored brain responses to facial visual stimuli with emotional cues using fMRI techniques in general population with different ranges of hypermobility. Continue reading