Failing health of the United States | The BMJ – BMJ – Feb 2018 “The role of challenging life conditions and the policies behind them.” by Steven H Woolf, director, and Laudan Aron, senior fellow
The subtitle says it all: our country doesn’t know how to handle “challenging life conditions” because we’ve been the “land of plenty” for so long.
But with surging income inequality, the number of people living in poverty is on a relentless climb. With the previously existing economic and social safety nets dismantled, what is to become of us? Continue reading
The Bystander Effect | PatientSafe Network
the greater the number of people present,
the less likely people are to help.
The bystander effect was first demonstrated following the murder of Kitty Genovese in 1964. The New York Times published a report conveying a scene of indifference from neighbors who failed to come to Genovese’s aid, claiming 38 witnesses saw or heard the attack and did nothing.
Psychologists launched a series of experiments resulting in one of the strongest and most replicable effects in social psychology. Continue reading
Homo Economicus Belief Inhibits Trust – PLoS One – 2013 Oct – Free PMC Article
As a foundational concept in economics, the homo economicus assumption regards humans as rational and self-interested actors.
In contrast, trust requires individuals to believe partners’ benevolence and unselfishness.
The present three experiments demonstrated that the direct exposure to homo economicus belief can weaken trust. And economic situations like profit calculation can also activate individuals’ homo economicus belief and inhibit their trust.
It seems that people’s increasing homo economicus belief may serve as one cause of the worldwide decline of trust. Continue reading
Surprisingly, This Type of People Are More Trusting – PsyBlog Mar 2014
Intelligent people are more likely to trust others, according to a new analysis of US public opinion poll data. This may be because more intelligent people are better judges of character.
The researchers focused on the idea of generalised trust: not trust of close friends and family, but of other unknown members of society.
They found that people who were more trusting were also happier and had higher levels of physical health.
It’s smart to trust
Doubling Your Payoff: Winning Pain Relief Engages Endogenous Pain Inhibition | eNeuro
When in pain, pain relief is much sought after, particularly for individuals with chronic pain
the seeking of pain relief in a motivated state might increase the experience of pain relief when obtained.
I find it almost impossible to believe there is a way of seeking pain relief that isn’t motivated. Perhaps they are referring to people who take opioids just to get high? Continue reading
The Advantage of Being Overconfident And Self-Deluded – PsyBlog
This is a sad reflection on our society, and it explains why the most strident voices are given more credence than quiet logic.
Overconfidence and self-delusion can lead to higher social status, research finds.This might help explain why many leaders seem so overconfident.
Of course there are disadvantages to overconfidence as well, but these may be outweighed by the advantages. Continue reading
APS Scale: Measuring the Impact of Chronic Pain on Daily Activities – April 20, 2016 – Christina T. Loguidice
Researchers from the University of Malaga, Spain, have developed a new tool to help clinicians assess the impact of chronic pain on daily activities, according to a study published in the April issue of The Journal of Pain.
New self-report measure includes 8 factors related to avoidance, persistence, and pacing.
Known as the Activity Patterns Scale (APS), the self-report measure breaks down 3 general activities (avoidance, persistence, and pacing) into 8 more specific patterns: Continue reading
Pain catastrophizing: a critical review | Expert Rev Neurother. 2009 May | free full-text PMC article
This article points out that pain catastrophizing has not been sufficiently studied to make it a certain *cause* of increasing pain. I, and others, believe the catastrophizing could just as easliy be caused by pain.
It may be a completely realistic response to crippling, disabling, torturous unrelieved pain.
Pain catastrophizing is conceptualized as a negative cognitive–affective response to anticipated or actual pain and has been associated with a number of important pain-related outcomes. Continue reading
Coping With The Stages Of A Debilitating Illness | Scope Blog
Here is an excellent essay outlining some familiar stages we go through as we first experience, and then begin to adjust to, chronic pain.
As far as I was concerned, life had never been better than this…
I was sitting on my bed, eyes trained on my computer screen, and a nerve in my left tricep started hurting.
Over the next few hours those few inches of pain in my tricep glided insidiously down my arm, past my elbow before sweeping down my radius and lodging firmly in my hand and fingers. Continue reading
Happiness Doesn’t Bring Good Health, Study Finds – The New York Times
A study published on Wednesday in The Lancet, following one million middle-aged women in Britain for 10 years, finds that the widely held view that happiness enhances health and longevity is unfounded
“Happiness and related measures of well-being do not appear to have any direct effect on mortality,” the researchers concluded.
there is a widespread belief that stress and unhappiness cause disease.
Such beliefs can fuel a tendency to blame the sick for bringing ailments on themselves by being negative, and to warn the well to cheer up or else. Continue reading