Tag Archives: psychotherapy

Psychotherapy for Chronic Pain

Chronic pain treatment: Psychotherapy, not opioids, has been proven to work – Vox – By Brian Resnick @B_resnick brian@vox.com – Aug 16, 2018

When pain settled into Blair Golson’s hands, it didn’t let go.

What started off as light throbbing in one wrist 10 years ago quickly engulfed the other. The discomfort then spread, producing a pain much “like slapping your hands against a concrete wall,” he says. He was constantly stretching them, constantly shaking them, while looking for hot or cold surfaces to lay them on for relief.

But worse was the deep sense of catastrophe that accompanied the pain. Working in tech-related startups, he depended on his hands to type.   Continue reading

Unwanted Events and Side Effects in CBT: the Study

Unwanted Events and Side Effects in Cognitive Behavior Therapy – Cognitive Therapy and Research – June 2018

Abstract

Side effects (SEs)are negative reactions to an appropriately delivered treatment, which must be discriminated from unwanted events (UEs) or consequences of inadequate treatment.

One hundred CBT therapists were interviewed for UEs and SEs in one of their current outpatients.

Therapists reported 372 UEs in 98 patients and SEs in 43 patients.  Continue reading

Psychotherapy is not harmless: Side Effects of CBT

Psychotherapy is not harmless: on the side effects of CBT | Aeon Ideas | Christian Jarrett – Oct  2018

The structured nature of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and its clearly defined principles (based on the links between thoughts, feelings and behaviours) make itrelatively easy to train practitioners, ensure standardised delivery and measure outcomes.

Being easy to learn, easy to standardize, and easy to measure nails the trifecta of cheap and widely scaleable medical treatment, making this quick and profitable therapy an instant hit among medical “providers” and insurance companies.

Consequently, CBT has revolutionised mental-health care, allowing psychologists to alchemise therapy from an art into a science.

What it has revolutionized is the impersonal standardization of medical mental healthcare.   Continue reading

Side Effects of Psychotherapy

Here is What Clinicians Should Know About Side Effects of Psychotherapy – Dr Sanil Rege MBBS, MRCPsych, FRANZCP – July 24, 2017

In conditions such as depression and anxiety, the beneficial effects of psychotherapy are often comparable with evidence-based pharmacotherapy options in terms of symptom reduction and protection against relapse.

While discussion about side effects, risks and benefits are an important part of psychotropic medication prescribing, the same cannot be said for psychological treatments.

All pharmacological medications come with relevant or absolute contraindications, and yet the common assumption is that talking therapies are risk-free or come with little risk at all.   Continue reading

Learning and Unlearning of Pain

Learning and Unlearning of Pain – free full-text article /PMC6027134/ – Biomedicines. 2018 Jun

This review provides an overview of learning mechanisms and memory aspects for the development of chronic pain.

Pain can be influenced in important ways by an individual’s personality, by family, and by the sociocultural environment in which they live. Therefore, learning mechanisms can explain why pain experience and pain behavior can increase or decrease.

Linking pain with positive consequences or removing negative consequences can contribute significantly to the chronification of pain.

If pain were linked with positive consequences, we wouldn’t mind having it, but I find it impossible to imagine how to link even moderate pain with anything positive. Continue reading

Nora Volkow on Rx opioids, chronic pain and ‘hype’

Nora Volkow on prescription opioids, chronic pain and ‘hype’ – Opioid Watch – Nonprofit News from The Opioid Research Institute – July 2018

Research psychiatrist Nora Volkow, MD—the director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse for the past 15 years—is one of the world’s foremost authorities on addiction. Her pioneering work with brain imaging has changed society’s understanding of the phenomenon.

By showing how addictive drugs alter the brain’s chemistry, she helped prove that addiction was a chronic disease rather than a moral failing.

What follows is part 1 of a two-part interview, which was conducted by email. All links in her answers are to supporting references Volkow provided.   Continue reading

CBT for Chronic Pain + Insomnia Needs More Research

CBT for Chronic Pain and Insomnia Needs More Research – by Angie Drakulich – April 2018

The Sleep/No Sleep Pain Cycle

Most are familiar with the vicious cycle of insomnia, depression, and increased pain.

Finding the right mix of CBT—including patient education, self-regulation, behavioral activation, and cognitive reframing—may help to break this circle.   Continue reading

Why Psychotherapy Helps the Patient in Chronic Pain

Why Psychotherapy Helps the Patient in Chronic Pain – Psychiatry (Edgmont). 2008 Dec – Linda J. Griffith, MD – free full-text /PMC2729621/ 

Psychiatrists frequently see patients in their practices who struggle with issues of chronic physical pain. This can present diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas.

These patients require an approach that allows them to talk about their pain and feel supported while simultaneously being nudged to develop a meaningful life alongside their pain.

This article addresses an approach to accomplish this difficult balancing act over the course of time and includes case examples.  Continue reading

Patient action: as means and end for chronic pain care

Patient action: as means and end for chronic pain care: PAIN –  August 2017

Historically, pain has been understood as a sensory problem. Even the IASP defines pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience….”

This aversive sensory experience can prompt a protective motor response, which can include reflexive withdrawal, splinting and resting of the painful body part, and avoidance of activities that can increase pain.

This sensory understanding of pain implies that the pain experience must be reduced to reduce motor reactions.   Continue reading

Forced Exercise with CBT Fails for CSF

Forced Exercise With CBT Fails for CFS  – Journal of Health Psychology –  August 29, 2017 – free full-text Research Article

The results of this study showed what patients have known all along:

For sufferers of CFS/ME,
exercise is the problem, not the solution,
it’s in the body, not the mind.

Cognitive behavioural therapy and graded exercise theapy are promoted as evidence-based treatments for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome.

This article explores patients’ symptom responses following these treatments versus pacing therapy, an approach favoured by many sufferers.  Continue reading