Tag Archives: treatment

Neuroinflammation: Underlying Cause of Chronic Pain

Neuroinflammation: Treating the Underlying Cause of Chronic, Severe Pain – Tori Rodriguez, MA, LPC – September 08, 2017

I’m pleased that EDS is known, at least to some doctors, to be so painful that it qualified for Dr. Tenant’s short list of “pathologic conditions that cause the most persistent or constant pain”:

Neuroinflammation due to microglial activation is the underlying cause of severe persistent or constant pain, and unless it is suppressed, no real treatment of the cause of pain can be realized,” Dr Tennant told Clinical Pain Advisor.

“Time has taught us that there is a relatively short list of pathologic conditions that cause the most severe, chronic pain — every pain practitioner should have awareness of these,” he added.   Continue reading

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Functional Medicine for Chronic Pain Care

Incorporating Functional Medicine Into Chronic Pain Care – Practical Pain Mgmt – By David J. Schaefer, DO, MPH and David Cosio, PhD – June 14, 2017

A 4-session functional medicine program can help patients take ownership of their health by teaching them about proper diet, sleep hygiene, exercise, and stress management.

What Is Functional Medicine?

Functional medicine (FM) addresses the underlying causes of disease, using a systems-oriented approach and engaging both patient and practitioner in a therapeutic partnership.   Continue reading

Effective treatments for musculoskeletal pain

Effective treatment options for musculoskeletal pain in primary care: A systematic overview of current evidence – Jun 2017 – Free full-text PMC5480856/

These are my annotations of a very long, very thorough PubMed article on pain treatments.

Musculoskeletal pain, the most common cause of disability globally, is most frequently managed in primary care.  People with musculoskeletal pain in different body regions share similar characteristics, prognosis, and may respond to similar treatments.

This overview aims to summarise current best evidence on currently available treatment options for the five most common musculoskeletal pain presentations (back, neck, shoulder, knee and multi-site pain) in primary care.   Continue reading

CRISPR gene editing can cause unintended mutations

CRISPR gene editing can cause hundreds of unintended mutations | EurekAlert! Science News – May 29, 2017

This is an example of how new drugs developed with the latest new technologies can lead to dangerous unintended side-effects that only become apparent later after many subjects have been “treated”.

When a new technology, like CRISPR gene editing, is used we cannot use past experience to assume anything and cannot predict results precisely because we’re doing something categorically different from before.

As CRISPR-Cas9 starts to move into clinical trials, a new study published in Nature Methods has found that the gene-editing technology can introduce hundreds of unintended mutations into the genome Continue reading

Ketamine for Pain Management, Treatment of Depression

Ketamine for Pain Management, Treatment of DepressionLinda Peckel – May 30, 2017

Ketamine may alleviate depression, pain, and side effects associated with opioid treatment, and may thus represent an attractive adjunct therapy for pain management, according to a novel population analysis recently published in Scientific Reports.

Nearly half of all patients with depression taking conventional antidepressants discontinue their treatment prematurely.

 Researchers have sought alternatives to standard antidepressants, for which therapeutic effects are delayed by 2 to 10 weeks.   Continue reading

Chronic Pain in the Aftermath of the Opioid Backlash

Chronic Pain in the Aftermath of the Opioid Backlash | Complementary and Alternative Medicine | JAMA | The JAMA Network – Kurt Kroenke, MD, – May 11, 2017

 National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding for pain research declined sharply from 2003 to 2007 by an average of 9% per year, and the federal response to a 2011 Institute of Medicine report on pain in the United States has been limited and disproportionally focused on reducing opioid use rather than increasing pain relief.

Analgesic options for patients with chronic pain have steadily declined

What follows in a damning review of the limited efficacy and dangerous side-effects of non-opioid medications.   Continue reading

Palliative Care for Chronic Pain

Palliative Care the Path to Better Pain Management – National Pain Report | September 2, 2016 | By Steve Ariens, P.D. Pharmacist

Steve Ariens points out that chronic pain patients, because they have an incurable disease (pain without remediable cause), should receive pain management as palliative care.

I’ve noticed others suggesting the same idea since 2013:

The latest definition of patients needing palliative care seems to include us, except for the strange requirement that palliative care should only be provided when a person will no longer need it much longer.

Continue reading

CB2 receptors: Pain Tx Without Tolerance or Withdrawal

Cannabinoid Receptor 2: Pain Treatment Without Tolerance or Withdrawal – reposted with edits from April 2015

This article about a promising new medicine derived from cannabis  was published by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), on their site “drugabuse.gov.  (Other branches of the same government, FDA and DEA, still classify cannabis as a Schedule I drug,)

Chronic cannabinoid receptor 2 activation reverses paclitaxel neuropathy without tolerance or cannabinoid receptor 1-dependent withdrawal.

The treatment of cancer pain is often among the approved uses of medical cannabis in states where it is legal.   Continue reading

Possible Use of Stem Cells to Treat Chronic Pain

Study Paves Path for Use of Stem Cells in Treating Chronic Pain

Neuropathic pain, which occurs from damage to or dysfunction of the peripheral or central nervous system, is a major source of chronic pain and is often resistant to analgesics.

Although neuropathic pain can have numerous etiologies, from diseases (eg, cancer, viral infections) to injuries/trauma (eg, stroke, surgery, spinal cord injuries), neuroinflammation is an underlying driving factor.

Studies have suggested that stem cells might offer a way to inhibit chronic pain by modulating neuroinflammation, potentially providing a more complete and definitive strategy for treating neuropathic pain.   Continue reading

Misuse of Hyperalgesia to Limit Care

Misuse of Hyperalgesia to Limit Care | Practical Pain Mgmt | March 2011

John (not his real name) is a 51-year-old chronic pain patient that I have been seeing since 2003. I had begun carefully titrating him on oxycodone, Oxycontin® and Dilaudid®, which had been started by another doctor and, ultimately, settled on a dose of Oxycontin 640mg B.I.D., 32mg hydromorphone q 4 hrs prn breakthrough pain and Xanax® 1 to 1.5mg q.i.d. prn muscle spasms and anxiety. On these medicines, he was content and functional and denied any deficits or side-effects due to his medicine.

His insurance company was concerned about the expenses of his medicine and asked me to arrange for a second opinion. Given the complicating factor of his end-stage lung cancer, I arranged for an evaluation by the pain clinic of a major cancer center.   Continue reading