Tag Archives: treatment

The Nuts and Bolts of Low-level Laser (Light) Therapy

Here are my annotations of five studies showing the efficacy of photobiomodulation (PBM), also called LLLT, for pain, depression, and muscle function. (as of 2/9/2018)

The Nuts and Bolts of Low-level Laser (Light) Therapy – Ann Biomed Eng. 2012 Feb;  /PMC3288797/

This full-text article explains how LLLT works.

Soon after the discovery of lasers in the 1960s it was realized that laser therapy had the potential to improve wound healing and reduce pain, inflammation and swelling.

In recent years the field sometimes known as photobiomodulation has broadened to include light-emitting diodes and other light sources, and the range of wavelengths used now includes many in the red and near infrared   Continue reading

High-Intensity Laser Therapy Improves Chronic Pain

High-Intensity Laser Therapy Improves Chronic Pain, Reduces Opioid Dependence – Pain Medicine News – DECEMBER 26, 2017

Scientific evidence has been accumulating over the last 10 years regarding the usefulness of high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) for the treatment of a variety of acute and chronic pain syndromes.

Devices used for HILT operate at wavelengths between 660 and 1,275 nm and at power levels from 1 to 75 watts (Table).

Compared with low-level laser devices (<1 watt), these HILT devices can penetrate tissue to depths ranging from 5 to 15 cm while producing only low levels of thermal accumulation in the tissue. Continue reading

Pain Ed for Professionals from a Lay Perspective

Trust me, I’m a patient: pain education for professionals from a lay perspective – Br J Pain. 2012 May – Dorothy Helme – Lay member, British Pain Society Patient Liaison Committee.

A young woman with arthritis talking about the rising tide of hostility to disability claimants says: ‘People think I’m faking. I’ve lost friends over it. Pain is invisible and hard for people to understand.’ How many of us could say that we have never thought that someone reporting pain is faking or, at the very least, making too much fuss?

This is the society in which we live: intolerant of the pain of others.  Continue reading

Neuroinflammation: Underlying Cause of Chronic Pain

Neuroinflammation: Treating the Underlying Cause of Chronic, Severe Pain – Tori Rodriguez, MA, LPC – September 08, 2017

I’m pleased that EDS is known, at least to some doctors, to be so painful that it qualified for Dr. Tenant’s short list of “pathologic conditions that cause the most persistent or constant pain”:

Neuroinflammation due to microglial activation is the underlying cause of severe persistent or constant pain, and unless it is suppressed, no real treatment of the cause of pain can be realized,” Dr Tennant told Clinical Pain Advisor.

“Time has taught us that there is a relatively short list of pathologic conditions that cause the most severe, chronic pain — every pain practitioner should have awareness of these,” he added.   Continue reading

Functional Medicine for Chronic Pain Care

Incorporating Functional Medicine Into Chronic Pain Care – Practical Pain Mgmt – By David J. Schaefer, DO, MPH and David Cosio, PhD – June 14, 2017

A 4-session functional medicine program can help patients take ownership of their health by teaching them about proper diet, sleep hygiene, exercise, and stress management.

What Is Functional Medicine?

Functional medicine (FM) addresses the underlying causes of disease, using a systems-oriented approach and engaging both patient and practitioner in a therapeutic partnership.   Continue reading

Effective treatments for musculoskeletal pain

Effective treatment options for musculoskeletal pain in primary care: A systematic overview of current evidence – Jun 2017 – Free full-text PMC5480856/

These are my annotations of a very long, very thorough PubMed article on pain treatments.

Musculoskeletal pain, the most common cause of disability globally, is most frequently managed in primary care.  People with musculoskeletal pain in different body regions share similar characteristics, prognosis, and may respond to similar treatments.

This overview aims to summarise current best evidence on currently available treatment options for the five most common musculoskeletal pain presentations (back, neck, shoulder, knee and multi-site pain) in primary care.   Continue reading

CRISPR gene editing can cause unintended mutations

CRISPR gene editing can cause hundreds of unintended mutations | EurekAlert! Science News – May 29, 2017

This is an example of how new drugs developed with the latest new technologies can lead to dangerous unintended side-effects that only become apparent later after many subjects have been “treated”.

When a new technology, like CRISPR gene editing, is used we cannot use past experience to assume anything and cannot predict results precisely because we’re doing something categorically different from before.

As CRISPR-Cas9 starts to move into clinical trials, a new study published in Nature Methods has found that the gene-editing technology can introduce hundreds of unintended mutations into the genome Continue reading

Ketamine for Pain Management, Treatment of Depression

Ketamine for Pain Management, Treatment of DepressionLinda Peckel – May 30, 2017

Ketamine may alleviate depression, pain, and side effects associated with opioid treatment, and may thus represent an attractive adjunct therapy for pain management, according to a novel population analysis recently published in Scientific Reports.

Nearly half of all patients with depression taking conventional antidepressants discontinue their treatment prematurely.

 Researchers have sought alternatives to standard antidepressants, for which therapeutic effects are delayed by 2 to 10 weeks.   Continue reading

Chronic Pain in the Aftermath of the Opioid Backlash

Chronic Pain in the Aftermath of the Opioid Backlash | Complementary and Alternative Medicine | JAMA | The JAMA Network – Kurt Kroenke, MD, – May 11, 2017

 National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding for pain research declined sharply from 2003 to 2007 by an average of 9% per year, and the federal response to a 2011 Institute of Medicine report on pain in the United States has been limited and disproportionally focused on reducing opioid use rather than increasing pain relief.

Analgesic options for patients with chronic pain have steadily declined

What follows in a damning review of the limited efficacy and dangerous side-effects of non-opioid medications.   Continue reading

Palliative Care for Chronic Pain

Palliative Care the Path to Better Pain Management – National Pain Report | September 2, 2016 | By Steve Ariens, P.D. Pharmacist

Steve Ariens points out that chronic pain patients, because they have an incurable disease (pain without remediable cause), should receive pain management as palliative care.

I’ve noticed others suggesting the same idea since 2013:

The latest definition of patients needing palliative care seems to include us, except for the strange requirement that palliative care should only be provided when a person will no longer need it much longer.

Continue reading